how to wire access control system


Access control systems have become a necessity for many workplaces, businesses and residential buildings due to increasing security threats. The installation of an access control system is a wise investment to ensure that only authorized personnel have access to restricted areas. However, understanding how to wire an access control system can be daunting, especially if you are not an experienced electrician. In this article, we will guide you through the process of wiring an access control system.

1. Understand Your Access Control System

Before embarking on the installation of your access control system, you need to understand the system you have purchased. There are different types of access control systems, each with a varying level of complexity. Inquire from the manufacturer or supplier about the system’s wiring requirement, voltage, and compatible accessories.

2. Gather Your Tools And Supplies

Once you know the wiring requirements, you need to gather all tools and supplies required for the job. Some of the tools required include wire strippers, a cable tester, a power drill, cable ties, screwdrivers, and a multimeter. In addition, you need to acquire all the accessories required, including magnetic locks, door strikes, and card readers.

3. Plan Your Layout

An important aspect of the installation process is planning out the layout of your access control system. This will enable you to determine where to place each component and the wiring required. It is advisable to sketch out the layout of your access control system to ensure that you make no mistakes during the installation.

4. Power Supply Wiring

To power your access control system, you need a reliable power supply. The power supply should be located in a secure area and near the access control system’s panels, with a backup battery connected to it to ensure uninterrupted power supply in case of power outages. The wiring should be done using color-coded wires, and it is important to test the voltage of the wires using a multimeter before connection.

5. Card Reader Wiring

A card reader is the primary means of granting access to individuals authorized to enter restricted areas. The wiring of the card reader is the most critical part of the installation process. Begin by running wires from the card reader to the control panel in the designated locations. Pay attention to polarity, ensuring that the positive and negative wires are connected correctly. It is important to test the card reader to ensure it is functioning correctly.

6. Magnetic Locks and Door Strikes Wiring

The installation of magnetic locks and door strikes is another crucial aspect of wiring your access control system. Magnetic locks are generally used for outdoor gates and doors, while door strikes are used for interior doors. Each component requires different wiring configurations, and it is important to ensure the correct installation to avoid potential security breaches.

In conclusion, wiring an access control system requires precision and meticulousness, and it is highly recommended that you consult with a licensed electrician before attempting any installation. An improperly wired access control system can jeopardize the safety and security of your home or business. With proper planning, tools, and supplies, and attention to detail, you can install an access control system that best secures your property.


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