how automatic parking system works


Automatic parking systems have achieved immense popularity, and are becoming increasingly common in modern cars. They are designed as an alternative to human-controlled parking, taking the pressure away from drivers and making parking more effective. With the increase in population and reduction in parking space around the world, this modern technology has turned to be a lifesaver. Let us understand how automatic parking systems work in this article.

What is Automatic Parking system?

Automatic parking system is a high-tech addition of modern cars that helps the vehicle park itself. A computer detects an empty parking space, then automatically controls the steering wheel to move the car into that space. Automatic parking systems have become a common feature in new cars, and are a great advancement in automotive innovation. The technology is designed to provide convenience, safety, and ease of use to drivers.

What are the components of an Automatic Parking System?

The automatic parking system has several components that work in sync to make the parking process seamless. How does it work? An automatic parking system generally consists of Parking sensors, Control unit, Steering system, Braking system, Gear system, Electric Mechatronic parking brake (EMPB), Electronic control unit (ECU), and a camera system.

How Does An Automatic Parking System Work?

The working principle of an automatic parking system is quite simple, and can be understood in four easy steps:

Step 1 - Finding An Empty Space: The first step in using an automatic parking system is to look for a free parking space nearby as the vehicle travels at a low speed.

Step 2 - Activating the Automatic Parking System: Once the car’s computer is certain that it can fit in a vacant spot, the driver can activate the automatic parking system. This is usually done by pressing a button on the car’s dashboard.

Step 3 - Parking the Car: After activating the automatic parking system the car will maneuver its way into the parking space. To do this, the car uses multiple sensors and cameras to detect obstacles and calculate the distance between the vehicle and the other objects around it.

Step 4 - Completing the process: Once the car is parked in the spot, the transmission is set to "park," and the electric brake system is engaged to secure the vehicle in place.

Benefits of Automatic Parking System

Automatic parking systems have a wide range of benefits to offer, making them quite useful for drivers. Here are a few of them:

1. Time-Saving: The automated parking system allows drivers to park within seconds, instead of wasting their time trying to park manually, which could be time-consuming and frustrating.

2. Safety: Automatic parking systems are programmed to detect obstacles and calculate the distance between the vehicle and the other objects around it. Thus, the risk of collisions is reduced, providing a safer parking experience.

3. Driver Assistance: Automatic parking systems serve to aid drivers when they're parking the car. These systems help drivers who are not prepared or able to park themselves, making it easier for them.

4. Space-saving: Cars parked using automatic parking systems are usually parked close together, and this makes more efficient use of parking spaces.

5. Stress-free Parking: Automatic parking systems allow drivers to park their cars stress-free, without having to navigate tight spaces or worry about hitting other cars.


Automatic parking systems are a must-have feature in modern cars today. They offer critical assistance to drivers, making finding and using parking spaces much more comfortable for everyone. They have become a valuable feature for anyone who finds it difficult to park their cars or those needing assistance, such as elderly drivers. With the benefits discussed above, it's no surprise that the technology has become so popular amongst car owners. As technology continues to grow, the automated parking system will continue to evolve as well.


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